Sep 14 2009

The Lord of the Ring of Free Trade: Is globalization really a force of evil in the world?

Published by at 10:49 am under Free Trade,Globalization,Trade

YouTube – Lord of the Rings: Fellowship of the Ring of Free Trade

Free trade: one of the most contentious issues in economics. The consensus seems to be in among economists: specialization and trade among nations based on the principle of comparative advantage leads to improvements in access to goods and services, as well as increased wealth and welfare among all countries involved. But that does not mean it’s easy to convince everyone in society to adopt free trade.

In his book “Bound Together”, Yale University Economic Historian Nayan Chanda has this to say about the word “globalization”:

Since the word globalization appeared in the dictionary, its meaning has undergone a massive transformation. Just two of the dozens of definitions of globalization illustrate the problem in grappling with this phenomenon. Writing in the Encyclopedia Britannica, Jeffrey L. Watson defines globalization in cultural terms-as “the process by which the experience of everyday life, marked by the diffusion of commodities and ideas, can foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world.”

The official World Bank definition of globalization is stated, not surprisingly, in purely economic terms, as the “freedom and ability of individuals and firms to initiate voluntary economic transactions with residents of other countries.”

Left-wing critics, echoing Karl Marx’s observation about the “werewolfsh hunger” of capitalism reaching the four corners of the world, see globalization as synonymous with expansionist and exploitative capitalism.

Looking at globalization through the prism of business and economics helps one to understand the Internet, the mobile phone, and the cable TV-connected world we inhabit, but it does not explain how human life was globalized long before capitalism was formulated or electricity invented.

According to Chanda, globalization and the internationalization of our markets has been going on for thousands of years throughout human history. The anti-globalization views expressed in the video below portray the phenomenon as a recent, oppressive, capitalistic phenomenon. Watch the video and discuss the questions below.

Discussion Questions:

  1. Describe the view of free trade depicted in the video. Which of the three definitions in Chanda’s book does the video seem to align itself with?
  2. Why does the anti-globalization movement unite such disparate groups as environmentalists, liberals, and labor unions?
  3. What is free trade and how can it “foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world.” Is this a bad thing or a good thing in your opinion?

About the author:  Jason Welker teaches International Baccalaureate and Advanced Placement Economics at Zurich International School in Switzerland. In addition to publishing various online resources for economics students and teachers, Jason developed the online version of the Economics course for the IB and is has authored two Economics textbooks: Pearson Baccalaureate’s Economics for the IB Diploma and REA’s AP Macroeconomics Crash Course. Jason is a native of the Pacific Northwest of the United States, and is a passionate adventurer, who considers himself a skier / mountain biker who teaches Economics in his free time. He and his wife keep a ski chalet in the mountains of Northern Idaho, which now that they live in the Swiss Alps gets far too little use. Read more posts by this author

232 responses so far

232 Responses to “The Lord of the Ring of Free Trade: Is globalization really a force of evil in the world?”

  1. ichoi2on 22 Sep 2012 at 8:43 am

    1) Describe the view of free trade depicted in the video. Which of the three definitions in Chanda's book does the video seem to align itself with?
    A. In the video, free trade is depicted in a very negative way. The video seems to align itself with the third definition in Chanda's book, which is the opinion taken on by the left-wing critics: "globalization as synonymous with expansionist and exploitative capitalism".

    2) Why does anti-globalization movement unite such disparate groups as environmentalists, liberals and labor unions?
    A. Because they are all victims of globalization and hence, share same desire to get rid of globalization. For instance, environmentalists are afraid of resource exploitations, liberals of focusing too much on making profits rather than economic consequences, and finally labor unions of potential cheapening of labor.

    3) What is free trade and how can it "foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world"? Is this a bad thing or a good thing in your opinion?
    A. Free trade is simply trade done between countries "freely", without any barriers nor taxations. And because free trade allows nations to trade easily and more readily, nations are exposed to more opportunities to access other cultures and more contacts are made between countries. In my opinion, I think this is a good thing in the sense that there are increased cultural exchange opportunities and also, that will improve resource allocation as it would be easier to export as well as to import.

  2. Anair2on 25 Sep 2012 at 2:11 pm

    As I read the comment i can see we have quite similar thoughts on the given questions. On the first question i do agree it is depicted very negatively and does in fact align with the left wing opinion of globalization and this can clearly be seen and this is truly how Marx looked at it. With the second question i believe that environmentalists would also be against it due to the increased competition and therefore lack of care of reducing carbon emissions for example however resource exploitations is also true. As for question 3 i honestly believe with long periods of this and at high intensities it would make the world quite uniform and culturally standardized and the cultural would in a way be lost and therefore can be both good and bad.

  3. Matilda Unwinon 28 May 2014 at 8:17 am

    Reply To ICHOI2:

    I like your point about how free trade allows for more cultural exchange opportunities. I also agree that free trade improves resource allocation.

  4. skalra2on 22 Sep 2012 at 1:28 pm

    1.Describe the view of free trade depicted in the video from the blog entry. Which of the three definitions in Chanda’s book does the video seem to align itself with?

    The video obviously resides with Karl Marx’s view of globalization as being ‘synonymous with expansionist and exploitative capitalism’. The ‘good guys’ in the video claim that free trade must be destroyed for it only serves capitalism, a force of evil.

    2.Why does the anti-globalization movement unite such disparate groups as environmentalists, liberals, and labor unions?

    Groups such as the ones mentioned feel they/their causes are being negatively affected by globalization. Environmentalists dislike globalization as the competition it perpetuates leads to firms cutting prices which is often at the cost of the environment. Natural resources of countries are exploited for corporate use. Labor unions dislike globalization as competition from the entire world, from businesses that are far more efficient, have more resources and can take advantage of economies of scale mean that they will be locally out of business. For the same reason, liberalists dislike globalization as local labour goes out of work as profit is the sole goal.

    3.What is free trade and how can it “foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world”? Is this a bad thing or a good thing in your opinion?

    Free trade allows countries to trade products without restrictions from participating governments. It can ‘foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world’ as people around the world begin consuming the same products (i.e the i-phone, Coke, McDonalds). Cultural expression is ‘standardized’ as different cultures are discouraged from having their unique business products as globalized companies take over large customer bases.

  5. svanantwerpon 23 Sep 2012 at 3:23 am

    Describe the view of free trade depicted in the video. Which of the three definitions in Chanda’s book does the video seem to align itself with?
    This video takes a strong position that free trade, or capitalism, to be specific, is inherently evil and must be stopped. It implies that the power of capitalism is too great and naturally leads to corruption and exploitation. This fits in with the third definition of free trade mentioned by Chandra, in which he mentions, “capitalism [is] see[n]… as synonymous with expansionist and exploitative capitalism.”

    Why does the anti-globalization movement unite such disparate groups as environmentalists, liberals, and labor unions?
    It seems that the anti-globalization movement actually does have the ability to unite seemingly disparate groups. Environmentalists, liberals, and labor unions might be against globalization because of the negative effects it has on their respective causes. For example, environmentalists can argue that due to the greater competition inspired by the global economy, vital resources are carelessly used up and important habitats are destroyed in the pursuit of capital. Additionally, overtime, entire ecosystems face damages, and environmentalists might seek trade reform to begin addressing this issue.
    Liberals, focusing on equality for individuals, might argue that capitalism causes cutthroat competition that decreases the quality of living for many people trying to run their own business. For example, outsourcing has become increasingly controversial in past years as companies move their factories to foreign companies where labor is cheaper. Though this is economically beneficial for the companies, it has drastic effects for employees; oftentimes, entire towns are dependent on factory jobs, and when the factory is outsourced, the town is left in financial ruin. This is an example of one issue liberals may have with globalization and free trade.
    Lastly, labor unions might oppose globalization because it takes away power from many workers. Quite simply, and similarly to the aforementioned example of outsourcing, companies will move their manufacturing plants to wherever the cost of production is cheapest. In doing this, laborers are often laid off and have difficulty finding work. Labor unions, who protect such laborers, will oppose free trade because it leads to job less for union members.
    Obviously, these are very broad examples. However, the common link is that the issue of free trade does have the capacity to bring a variety of groups together.

    What is free trade and how can it “foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world.” Is this a bad thing or a good thing in your opinion?
    Free trade is, indeed, a somewhat subjective term that is difficult to define. Truthfully, it is some combination of the three definitions mentioned by Chandra in that it is marked by both global cooperation and exploitation. This may be contradictory, but such themes emerge through the very nature of having the “freedom and ability…to initiate voluntary economic transactions with residents of other countries”. Looking at the standardization of cultural expressions around the world, free trade plays a key role in that it allows for a greater interaction between global citizens. Through increased trade and interaction between foreign nations, different cultures are able to acquire knowledge about one another. This can be a positive thing, as it encourages greater global awareness. However, it has a negative side, as well, in the sense that often, nations are only able to perceive one aspect of other cultures and therefore are susceptible to having cultural misconceptions and creating unfair stereotypes.

  6. tsatoon 23 Sep 2012 at 8:16 am

    1) Describe the view of free trade depicted in the video. Which of the three definitions in Chanda’s book does the video seem to align itself with?
    Free trade in this video is explained kind of the evil force and they believe capitalism must be destroyed. For example, rich people can be richer (leaders of countries), but not pool people. Developed countries can be richer, but not undeveloped countries. From that point, the definition of globalization by Marx, which is “expansionist and exploitative capitalism” seems to fit in this video.

    2) Why does the anti-globalization movement unite such disparate groups as environmentalists, liberals, and labor unions?
    The anti-globalization movement unite such disparate group as environmentalists, liberals, and labor unions because globalization such as free trade and capitalism are negative for them. For example, environmentalists get problem like global warming (make a lot of gas, destroy nature, make buildings etc). For liberals, believe for only rich people, rich country, and developed country can benefits from globalization, which is different belief that liberals have. Labor unions does not like low wage for their own job.

    3) What is free trade and how can it “foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world.” Is this a bad thing or a good thing in your opinion?
    Free trade can say trade left to its natural course without tariffs, quotas, or other restrictions. Everyone can sell their products anywhere in the world. People can communicate with other countries cultures by getting a lot of products from different countries. That seems good, by from my opinion, I do not think that is good thing. It is good if products are something relate to people's cultures like I am from Japan, so I can sell sushi because Japanese “culture” product. However, if products do not relate to culture like pencil, it is negative for people who sell pencil in “that” country. The richest/strongest company or person in “that” country should be “that” country's company or person, not from other. I thing positive for products something that relate to culture, but negative for normal products.

  7. mmecathumon 10 Oct 2012 at 9:11 am

    Dear tsato,

    I agree with your first response bringing out capitalism and how that should be discouraged. It was a good tactic to simplify Marx's theory the way you further elaborated on it. On top of that, your response to the second question by using examples helped me understand the video and text better on the environmental part. You also clearly stated how these disparate groups influence free trade and how they play a role in it but how does uniting them cause a different outcome?

  8. scajkaon 12 Oct 2012 at 8:48 am

    Hello tsato,
    overall I agree with your response. In question 2, I like how you mention lower wages that are something the labour union is afraid of, however I think it's more than that, it's the complete rise i unemployment as international competition becomes so large that domestic markets won't be able to compete. I really likes your response to question 3, I do believe in free trade and I think it's a great way of raising cultural awareness.

  9. tsatoon 23 Sep 2012 at 8:16 am

    @ Manuel Rivas

    For third question, I really like your idea, but I think little different way. You said “research to find new cheaper and better ways of production to reduce it's cost, leading to an increase of the countries development”, but I think that can works only in the developed countries. For undeveloped countries like Africa, because each companies are not strong (I mean no money) like developed countries' companies. For example, McDonald (strong companies) comes to Africa, but it does not help to develop Africa. That is because McDonald has power to think the way to get people's heart, but local producer does not (like local producer does not have money to spend for ads etc). McDonald can be the strongest companies in Africa, but I believe that is not good. You opinion can works for developed countries like US and EU, but not for undeveloped countries.

  10. rpuri2on 23 Sep 2012 at 2:47 pm

    1. The video seems to align itself with the third definition by Karl Marx as it supports the view of globalization as something for ‘the wealthy only’ and thus is exploitative and imperialist as the poor do not benefit. The video renders globalization as a negative thing to society rather than something culturally enriching, where developing nations suffer from it and only developed economically advanced nations benefit.
    2. It unites such disparate groups as globalization is negative for them. Environmentalists must face the problems it can cause such as global warming due to the amount of greenhouse gases that are admitted in the movement of goods and services between countries. Liberals are depicted to only care about the rich and globalization benefits all social classes. Labor unions do not support globalization as it aims to lower wages, something they are strongly against.
    3. Free trade is the policy where the government does not influence the trade of a country with tariffs and subsidies. It can foster cultural diversity as different countries can enjoy the variety of goods available in other ones i.e. in the UK, we can enjoy Bollywood films and Indian culture thanks to globalization. In my opinion this is a good thing as we become more culturally aware and connected (thanks to the increasing level of technology). However, globalization may cause uniformity throughout the world which may reduce competition and standardize everything.

  11. Marcis Martinsonson 24 Sep 2012 at 3:01 pm

    You have obviously watched the video, therefore it would be interesting to hear your opinion about it, do you agree with the video? Do you think that poor do not benefit at all?
    I agree that it is good to become aware of other cultures, but do you think that they need to change influenced by others? being aware is one influencing the cluture and mixing them up is something else.

  12. jzhengon 24 Sep 2012 at 7:16 pm

    I do not think that "it unites such disparate groups as globalization is [merely] negative for them." You do say that globalization is negative to each of them. However, what you said does not connect them together, thus unison. The disparate groups could have fend off globalization in their own ways as the problems they face are different, and would not have much effect against globalization.

  13. mtuin2on 15 Oct 2012 at 3:02 am

    The point you brought up about the environmental costs of transport of all these traded goods is substantial, and I hadn't considered that before. It is true that the increased international trade between countries will also lead to an increased need for transport, which will cause harm to the environment.
    I also agree that it is good to become more culturally aware and connected, but that uniformity is not a good thing – which is why I'd say globalization is beneficial to a certain point, so that countries and cultures work together but still retain their separate identities.

  14. Stefan Josephon 24 Sep 2012 at 2:36 am

    1.Describe the view of free trade depicted in the video. Which of the three definitions in Chanda’s book does the video seem to align itself with?

    Firstly, this video expresses views of anti-free trade. Corporations have “created a master plan to control all others”. Firms in developed countries are out to privatize natural resources of developing countries and causes exploitation. The definition which is most suitable for the video’s depiction would be Karl Marx’s definition; expansionist and exploitative capitalism. Once again, the video states that Corporations want free trade to dominate the world (expansionist) solely for the profit of the individual firms. This causes international monopolies and the gains of free trade are unequally distributed in favor of the developed countries.

    2.Why does the anti-globalization movement unite such disparate groups as environmentalists, liberals, and labor unions?

    Free Trade allows corporations to trade without tariffs, quotas, and restrictions. With no government intervention, the corporations are their own bosses. However, humans’ rational behavior is to benefit themselves and not others. This means that the corporations are only interested in profits and disregard externalities of consumption/production that arise from the reckless free trade. Parties that are anti-globalization are concerned about the intentions of these corporations and want to regulate the level of trade. Without regulations, the exploitation of the Earth’s natural resources will eliminate sustainability and create problems such as mass-pollution. Overall, these groups unite together to create equality; eliminate monopolies and sustainability in free trade.

    3.What is free trade and how can it “foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world.” Is this a bad thing or a good thing in your opinion?

    Free trade is defined as international trade free from restrictions such as tariffs, quotas or other protection. Ideally, free trade would promote cultural diversity as goods from all countries will be traded around the world. However, the amount of cultural expression seems to be measured by those who do the most trading. We can definitely conclude that America has had the biggest impact on cultural expression through the world as you will find more American brand names around the world than any other country. I can’t say this is a “good” thing because as many people state, McDonald’s is a common brand seen all around the world, and we all know the consequences of its food.

  15. Marcis Martinsonson 24 Sep 2012 at 2:54 pm

    1. This video is really biased, it is just focusing on the negative side of free trade, it does not look at the positive side. It is comparing the free trade to master plan to overtake the world and to make rich richer and poor poorer. It definitely uses Karl Marx's definition of globalization.

    2. Because free trade is against their idalism. Free trade damages environment, it is against liberalism, and many people lose their jobs. Therefore they are people with common interests and that unites them in order to fight against it.

    3.Free trade is a way of globalization, it takes place between two countries when there are no barriers to trade. In my opinion it is a good thing, I mean for whatever you do there will be someone/something sufferng and someone/something benefiting from it. In m opinion globalization is good however it needs to be controled by governments that it has some barriers. “foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world.” is not something I can agree with, it obviously discovers and introduce nations to new cultures and it is up to those nations to either absorb or reject. However at some points some nations will need to adapt in order to successfully trade with another nation.

  16. Stefan Josephon 24 Sep 2012 at 6:05 pm

    I believe you can state that this video is biased as they don't illustrate the positive impacts of free trade but in your opinion, don't you agree that firms are more interested in profit/capital than preserving natural resources? Is it doing more harm than good, if so is it ethical?

  17. smarttikalevi2on 25 Sep 2012 at 9:53 pm

    @Marcis Martisons
    I totally agree you on the first question! The video concentrates way too much on the negative effects of the free market and makes it look bad/evil in every case. You maybe could have given just an example of how free trading could be positive, and prove the video "wrong" in a way…
    The second point of yours however could have had some more back up information, but with the third answer being pretty good to me, it's a great overall post. Well done.

  18. jzhengon 24 Sep 2012 at 6:59 pm

    1. Describe the view of free trade depicted in the video. Which of the three definitions in Chanda's book does the video seem to align itself with?

    The third, where it refers to the roots being expansionist and exploitative capitalism.

    2. Why does the anti-globalization movement unite such disparate groups as environmentalists, liberals, and labor unions?

    Since globalization affects all the disparate groups, it is best to unite for a greater anti-globalization effect. If any of the groups are left out, globalization would easily take over the specific group, and reducing the power of the anti-globalizationists.

    3. What is free trade and how can it "foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world." Is this a bad thing or a good thing in your opinion?

    Free trade allows individuals and firms to maximize their own gains as it has not the slightest government intervention, therefore nothing to limit the amount of anything the people do. Resources become privatized, the rich would become richer, as they have the wealth to have more options for themselves, and the poor become poorer, as they have no wealth nor choice. Free trade is in the favor of the rich, and therefore can "foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world." However, there will be nothing 'fair' in free trade, and the world would be dominated by the people who have power over the economies. This also means that those who have no power, or status, do even have a chance to participate in the affairs.

  19. odorrityon 24 Sep 2012 at 7:35 pm

    I think you made some good points about the nature of free trade, however you seem to be assuming that all private firms involved would automatically work toward their own personal gains. I agree that this is likely to happen, but it is not a given, and would likely not happen immediately.

  20. kfletcher2on 25 Sep 2012 at 11:59 pm

    I disagree with you about the last question. I think that free trade has the potential to be abused, but it also has the potential to be good for the world. I believe that it is certainly better than the alternative of government regulated trade, which would be disastrous for many less developed countries and would lead to many of the same problems.

  21. odorrityon 24 Sep 2012 at 7:26 pm

    1.Describe the view of free trade depicted in the video. Which of the three definitions in Chanda’s book does the video seem to align itself with?
    The view of free trade in the video is one strongly against it, ignoring the positive impacts it can have on the countries involved. The view taken is that free trade results in corporate take-overs and capitalism used as exploitation. It does seem, however, to acknowledge that free trade can be a good thing, but suggests that in reality it cannot be implemented in a positive way. The viewpoint of the video aligns itself with the left-wing view taken by Karl Marx.

    2.Why does the anti-globalization movement unite such disparate groups as environmentalists, liberals, and labour unions?
    The groups are united as they would all be faced by the same problems in a situation of corporate takeover. Free trade removes any government intervention, giving all control and power to the corporations involved in the trade. It is the general view taken by these groups that in the case of corporations having complete control of their trade, they will be corrupted into benefiting themselves rather than others. The anti-globalisation movement also sees globalisation as a bad thing, and since this is one of the main factors of free trade, this is another reason they oppose it.

    3.What is free trade and how can it “foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world.” Is this a bad thing or a good thing in your opinion?
    Free trade is trade without government restrictions such as tariffs or taxes put in place. It allows for more varied and cheaper trade between countries, and is generally beneficial for all the countries involved. From this perspective, as it allows for more trade between countries, it results in fewer differences between their standards and an overall lessening of cultural differences between the countries. Free trade aims to encourage diversity by allowing for a greater range of goods to be available; while I believe free trade can be used to benefit both the economy and the country as a whole, and to promote diversity, I don’t think that ‘standardisation of cultural expressions’ is a good thing as such, since diversity is supposed to be one of the aims of free trade.

  22. svanantwerpon 25 Sep 2012 at 10:57 pm

    @odorrity :
    I agree with what you said in response to the first question; I liked the point you made that the video does seem to highlight that there is a positive aspect to free trade, but suggests that it cannot be implemented in a positive way. When you talked about how the anti-globalization movement unites disparate groups, I wasn't sure what you meant when you said that the groups would be united as they all would face the same problems in the situation of corporate takeover. I think I might argue that corporate takeover would have negative consequences for all of them, but not necessarily the same problems considering they are such have such different causes.
    Considering the ways in which free trade can "foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world", I again think you hit on some good points; however, again I might disagree with you slightly in that I don't necessarily believe that more trade between countries results in less cultural differences between them. I think it leads to a greater increase in communication, as well as cultural interaction, but I do think it is possible for cultures to retain their fundamental differences while they learn about one another.
    Overall, thoughtful response- you definitely got me thinking. Well done 🙂

  23. kfletcher2on 25 Sep 2012 at 1:07 pm

    1. Describe the view of free trade depicted in the video. Which of the three definitions in Chanda’s book does the video seem to align itself with?

    The video aligns itself with the third definition of expansionist and exploitative capitalism

    2. Why does the anti-globalization movement unite such disparate groups as environmentalists, liberals, and labor unions?

    It unites environmentalist because of the exploitation of the environment by corporations that would be increased with free trade, labour unions unite because free trade makes it easier to outsource their work to other countries, and liberalists believe it will give corporations too much power.

    3. What is free trade and how can it “foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world.” Is this a bad thing or a good thing in your opinion?

    Free trade is trade without government interventions such as tariff on goods. It is good as it allows more trade between countries and a higher variety of goods available in different countries, allowing a greater flow of culture between countries. This can be good if done properly. however many corporation are only interested in profits and this causes problems such a s negative externalities and other issues.

  24. Plee2on 25 Sep 2012 at 1:15 pm

    Describe the view of free trade depicted in the video. Which of the three definitions in Chanda’s book does the video seem to align itself with?
    The video pretty clearly aligns itself with the third definition: "expansionist and exploitative capitalism". It portrays free trade as the antagonists from the Lord of the Rings, which shows that the video views free trade as evil and oppressive.
    Why does the anti-globalization movement unite such disparate groups as environmentalists, liberals, and labor unions?
    The anti-globalization movement might unite such disparate groups because all of their different agendas stand to gain from opposing globalization. Environmentalists would gain by limiting the strength of environmentally exploitative industries. Liberals would gain by pushing their political ideology (government intervention). Labor unions would gain because they would be able to protect smaller industries and workers' jobs if there was no free trade.
    What is free trade and how can it “foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world.” Is this a bad thing or a good thing in your opinion?
    Free trade is being able to trade goods and services between countries without any governmental intervention. It helps "foster a… world" because it connects countries. Products show aspects of culture, and simply working with different countries connects different cultures. Everyone gets to see what cultures exist. This is both good and bad in my opinion. It is good in that everyone will have some basic form of connection, but it is bad in that it takes away diversity. Different cultures would not be as interesting if they were all pretty much the same.

    @odorrity
    You said that diversity is one of the aims of free trade. What makes you say that?

  25. Anair2on 25 Sep 2012 at 1:59 pm

    1.Describe the view of free trade depicted in the video. Which of the three definitions in Chanda’s book does the video seem to align itself with?
    The view of free trade depicted in the video is somewhat like the evil plot of world monopolization by the large companies. and essentially the plot. The video makes it out to be quite horrifying as if it would cause the world’s end. The video would definitely be in agreement of Karl Marx’s view of globalization in that has great negative impacts and is only beneficial to the wealthy nations. With the wealthy continuing to thrive and the poor becoming poorer.

    2.Why does the anti-globalization movement unite such disparate groups as environmentalists, liberals, and labor unions?
    With such major movements such as anti-globalization movements disparate groups such as environmentalists, liberals and labor unions unite due to the fact that it is the kind of thing that can affect people to great extents and the disparity between these different people fades away and a unity is made also each groups have different reasons for going against globalization. Free trade and globalization obviously leads to an improvement in the accessibility of goods therefore there is a greater chance for goods to be sold on the basis of price above anything else. Therefore through the eyes of an environmentalist it would mean that firms would ignore green manufacturing and focus on getting their goods sold. Liberals believe that through the promoting of globalization it would mean that only the rich would thrive and therefore going against their ideals. Lastly labor unions would definitely be against the idea of globalization as it would mean that wages would lowered for firms to remain in the competition.

    3.What is free trade and how can it “foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world.” Is this a bad thing or a good thing in your opinion
    Free trade can be thought of as a policy by which a government have no say in the import or exports that take place, essentially meaning that all tariffs or subsidies would no longer be possible on importation or exportation. Therefore with comparative advantage in mind it would mean that traders would finally have equality in gains from trades. Free trade fosters a standardization of cultural expressions in that, a country trade goods with each other free of any consequences and every country would become one as it would seem like a disparity between foreign and domestic trading would fade away. I would not necessarily call this good or bad, in that the world may very well become far more culturally diverse but then over time with such mixtures culture would then in itself become a global standard.

  26. fwyldon 15 Oct 2012 at 12:12 am

    I like you answer to question 3. In the future all countries are likely to get more culturally diverse, maybe to such an extent that the descriptions of race such as french, japanese etc gradually become meaningless.

  27. iyang2on 25 Sep 2012 at 3:07 pm

    1 .
    In the video, the view of free trade is depicted negatively, for it describes it as a capitalist movement that will take total control of the world and take away the freedom of the economy by allowing only one economic process to be conducted.

    2.
    Anti-globalization movement is formed from various groups of environmentalists, liberals, and labor unions because they are the ones that are negatively impacted through globalization (fall of environment, democracy, and unions). Also, globalization is seen as an expansion that can cause big problems in market competition and trading opportunities. Furthermore, it will cause people to buy goods at a cheaper price, which can cause problems for countries that might have to produce at a higher cost levels.

    3.
    Free trade is exchanges between that can occur between countries without any hindrances, rules, regulations or anything of that sort. It can “foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world” because it makes the relations between countries easy, and it would foster the idea that countries would only have to produce a few specialized goods. This would mean that they would really make their cultural expressions just a standard manufactured thing. Cultural differences would just become manufacturing differences.

  28. smarttikalevi2on 25 Sep 2012 at 9:47 pm

    1. On the video, they say that free trade is a great danger for undeveloped countries (3rd world countries) and including of course poor individuals. This due to the argument, that only developed countries can benefit from it. The video is really strongly against free trading and it it indicating, that this wouldn't be fair for developing countries and undeveloped countries. I think that the video is taking it too seriously and is too negative against free trading.

    2. It is because they think that in some way globalization will harm those unions. This would mean they unite them and all the small harmful things that might happen and they become one ‘team’ fighting against globalization. For example labor union is most likely against the globalization due to the risk of loosing their jobs to somewhere else where products are much cheaper to produce.

    3. Free trade means international trading of goods and services without barriers (government interference). According to that firms or countries can specialized in one product one export it to other contries and import goods and services that they are not specialized in. “Foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world.” sounds bad for consumers. The reason for this is that they won't have any choice so they will have to benefit from goods that are not cheap enough or are bad in quality.

  29. Natashaon 11 Oct 2012 at 8:50 pm

    1. I agree that the video takes free trade very seriously. For example, free trade can be helpful.It can benefit those in third world countries and help the demand of their products increase.
    2. It is true that the groups unite as they all have a similar goal in mind.
    3. I'm not sure what the reason is for not having any choice. I believe that not having free trade will limit the options of resources is what is implied. This is true as the tariffs may be exessivley large for the consumers to buy and therefore the demand would decrease.

  30. rthornton2on 25 Sep 2012 at 10:11 pm

    Describe the view of free trade depicted in the video from the blog entry. Which of the three definitions in Chanda’s book does the video seem to align itself with?

    The video takes a very bias standpoint against free trade, expressing it as an immoral capitalist movement. The video depicts free trade as an act that would lead to a monopolistic economy. The video aligns itself with the third definition in Chanda’s book.

    Why does the anti-globalization movement unite such disparate groups as environmentalists, liberals, and labor unions?

    Globalization would affect each disparate groups such as environmentalists, liberals, and labor unions in various ways. Globalization would lead to an increase in the exploitation of the Earth’s natural resources, as well as lead to an increase in pollution and other forms of environmental harm. Globalization would lead to a monopolistic economy, thus taking away freedom from the liberals. Globalization would affect the equity of income distribution, thus affecting the labor unions.

    What is free trade and how can it “foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world”? Is this a bad thing or a good thing in your opinion?

    Free trade is the trade between countries without government intervention. Government intervention can include tariffs, restrictions, and many other forms. In my opinion, free trade is a bad thing. I believe that free trade would lead to a monopolistic economy, eventually leading to a further separation in income distribution. Government intervention should occur to best suit the demands of the nation.

  31. zphuaon 26 Sep 2012 at 12:03 am

    Rory, I disagree with free trade as a total bad thing. I think that if it is controlled and only allowed to a certain extent, it can become very beneficial. The important thing here is the balance and not too extreme actions.

  32. zphuaon 26 Sep 2012 at 12:03 am

    •Describe the view of free trade depicted in the video from the blog entry. Which of the three definitions in Chanda’s book does the video seem to align itself with?
    In the video, free trade is the worst thing that could ever happen, something like the world war. It only benefits ruling (upper-class) people and its ultimate goal is to rule the world. The third one: expansionist and exploitative capitalism.
    •Why does the anti-globalization movement unite such disparate groups as environmentalists, liberals, and labor unions?
    These are all people affected by globalization — it causes the environment to be depleted in a faster speed, the liberals will start losing their freedom and also labour forces might lose their jobs or get pay cuts due to the higher efficiency of firms now. Hence these groups that are harmed get together, in hope of turning the situation around.
    •What is free trade and how can it “foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world”? Is this a bad thing or a good thing in your opinion?
    Free trade is allowing trade to happen around the world with minimum barriers. Since barriers are removed, international goods and services will become easily available and the world becomes a smaller place, “fostering a standardization of cultural expressions around the world”. I think that total free trade is not a good thing. However, with an appropriate amount of government, it can become very beneficial in terms of the good economics outcome it brings, and not bring too much harm.

  33. jkenny2on 26 Sep 2012 at 3:08 am

    1.Describe the view of free trade depicted in the video. Which of the three definitions in Chanda’s book does the video seem to align itself with?
    The view of free trade in the video is overwhelmingly negative. It is portrayed as a process that will epitomize the “evil” force of capitalism that only serves the ruling class and squashes the rest, the masses, to misery. With strong Hollywood images, the video sensationalizes the corporate capitalists as monsters, for example George Bush and Big Oil, who trample over everyone else to accumulate wealth. The video evinces the message that free trade, even corporate capitalism, must be stopped – that is Frodo’s (or the people – environmentalists, liberals, and labor unionists) mission. The third definition in Chanda’s book, that of the “werewolfish hunger of Capitalism” is most in synch with the views of the video.
    2.Why does the anti-globalization movement unite such disparate groups as environmentalists, liberals, and labor unions?
    Because globalization is a wide-ranging phenomenon that affects (benefitting or threatening) many parts of human life. Environmentalists are concerned with the exploitative nature of free trade and its depletion of the world’s natural resources; liberals are concerned with the socioeconomic disparity that free-trade brings along – the concentration of wealth in the hands of few; and labor unionists are concerned also with the exploitative nature of free trade, seeking always the optimum efficiency of production at any cost, given the high competition that firms face internationally, which may potentially threaten workers’ rights.
    3.What is free trade and how can it “foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world.” Is this a bad thing or a good thing in your opinion?
    Free trade is international exchange of goods and services between countries without barriers or tariffs. It fosters standardization because the countries with absolute advantage will, theoretically, sell its goods to all other nations, and if this means technology, movies, art, or literature, then cultural expressions around the world will become homogeneous as their goods all come from the same country. In my opinion, the ends of this standardization are good, because consumers are rational, so they will generally buy goods that lead to happiness and flourishing, but the means of free trade are not always a good thing – many small business owners and laborers may get treated poorly on the course.

  34. aaxler2on 27 Sep 2012 at 9:52 pm

    You bring up an interesting point that because consumers are rational they will seek what makes them happy such that standardization can be a good thing. I'm a little confused as to whether you think the standardization of cultural expression is a good thing or a bad thing. As you begin to touch on it can be both good and bad. Because consumer happiness is certainly one way to examine the merit of something, but if that is because producers in another country are struggling i'm more skeptical.

  35. Konstantin Frankon 26 Sep 2012 at 6:18 pm

    Describe the view of free trade depicted in the video. Which of the three definitions in Chanda’s book does the video seem to align itself with?

    As free trade is presented as very negative in the video, it probably matches best with Karl Marx definition, who argues that it is a synonymous with expansionist and exploitative capitalism.

    Why does the anti-globalization movement unite such disparate groups as environmentalists, liberals, and labor unions?

    Though free trade should from my point of view be considered as beneficial, people who will suffer most from it are workers, as free trade increases the pressure on a low price of a good. As the competition for a good is not domestic, but international and the wage for workers in an e.g Asian country are below the wage of a middle-european worker and both produce the same product, the middle-european worker has to face most of the time either a cut in wage or even worse, a dismissal. Moreover, the environment is suffering from free trade as the products have to be transported all over the globe, resulting in increased air pollution and release of emissions. Moreover, e.g the increasing demand for exotic tropic woods destroys many rainforests, as well as the increased demand for food and beef.

    What is free trade and how can it “foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world.” Is this a bad thing or a good thing in your opinion?

    I think it is partially a good thing and partially a bad thing. It should be considered, that free trade allows more choice for consumers, improves efficiency, can increase the standard living and create peace, however a standardization means that cultural heritage might be lost, which is undersireable.

  36. aaxler2on 27 Sep 2012 at 9:46 pm

    I agree with you in that the video probably would agree with the Marxist definition of free trade. It really was a scary video though. You bring up a good point in that free trade an improve the efficiency of the market. I'm not sure if in every instance it creates peace though. Notably in Africa, the free trade of diamonds has funded several wars.

  37. mmecathumon 10 Oct 2012 at 9:02 am

    1.Describe the view of free trade depicted in the video from the blog entry. Which of the three definitions in Chanda’s book does the video seem to align itself with?
    The view of free trade depicted in the video from the blog entry aligns with Chanda’s third definition of (quote) expansionist and exploitative capitalism. As it is in view of being against free trade, it talk about how exploitation can occur through privatizing of natural resources and how firms’ view of maximizing profit may lead them to want domination of free trade.
    2.Why does the anti-globalization movement unite such disparate groups as environmentalists, liberals, and labor unions?

    There are actually many advantages to free trade and one of the main advantages is the fact that producers and consumers are exposed and have access to a vast variety of resources making production more efficient and price lower for consumers. However, this also means there will be an increase in the level of unemployment and damages the environment. As such, the unity of such disparate groups such as environmentalists, liberals and labour unions have a common goal uniting them allows them to combat globalization at a more powerful scale from the increase in size.
    3.What is free trade and how can it “foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world”? Is this a bad thing or a good thing in your opinion?
    Free trade is the trading goods and services between countries (internationally) without external interferences (i.e. government interventions). In my opinion, the impact of culture diversity will increase between countries as countries all around the world having a unique background of its own are interacting at such a huge scale. This increases awareness and exposure of global citizens. Through this understanding, there will be mutual respect and acceptance among citizens which aids the common goal of developing the economy on a global and international scale.

  38. scajkaon 12 Oct 2012 at 8:44 am

    1. Describe the view of free trade depicted in the video from the blog entry. Which of the three definitions in Chanda’s book does the video seem to align itself with?
    The video present a negative view on Free trade, where it depicts it as a sole advantage only for developed countries, and that it will not benefit developing countries. The argument follows the ideas of capitalism, where only rich get richer (developed countries) and poor stay poor (undeveloped countries.) It solely focuses on the unfairness of Free trade and thus the definition: “expansionist and exploitative capitalism” seems to fit most accurately.
    2. Why does the anti-globalization movement unite such disparate groups as environmentalists, liberals, and labor unions?
    Globalization is believed to bring about many disadvantages to all these groups. Environmentalists believe that globalization is a big contributor and a big cause for global warming, depletion of raw materials and other environment issues. Liberals are against trade, and the ideas of capitalism where only rich get richer. The labor unions are concerned with the loss of jobs as competition becomes more intense, and machinery replaces labor. By uniting, they are creating a much more powerful anti-globalization movement, which can truly oppose the changes.
    3. What is free trade and how can it “foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world”? Is this a bad thing or a good thing in your opinion?
    Free trade is the interference between two countries, and the trade of imports and exports without the government interference in form of tariffs or quotas. People say it can ‘foster standardization of culture expression around the world’ because it allows many countries to spread/export their goods, which are perhaps part of their culture and thus part of their cultural expression to other countries. It is a form of culture awareness, and it integrates different countries’ culture and customs into a county that imports their goods. I think it can be both bad and good, as it allows country’s market to grow into a international scale, and thus help production but it can be dangerous for a country that has less to export than import, as their own culture, which has a smaller market can get lost in these changes.

  39. abuttonon 16 Oct 2012 at 6:17 pm

    @scajka

    I agree with your question 3 completely. Free trade can both be good and bad. The main positive from free trade is the cheaper goods due to the competition between the local companies and the producers. Although the negatives are that local companies are in competition with foreign producers and struggle competing with them, leading to less money made and less people hired. This could hurt the economy of some countries because there is a higher unemployment rate and less aggregate demand in the economy. The main problem of free trade is that it can hurt local businesses.

  40. alifsigridardottiron 14 Oct 2012 at 11:26 pm

    1.Describe the view of free trade depicted in the video from the blog entry. Which of the three definitions in Chanda‘s book does the video seem to align itself with?
    Free trade is compared to the incredible black and white battle in The Lord of The Rings; where those who want free trade are only the corporations and if free trade is obtained then that will destroy earth as we know it similar to Saurons desire to get the ring. It implies that there are no grey areas – simply black versus white and it would be in the best interest of everyone excluding the wealthy corporations to abolish free trade and to adopt fair trade, giving the less fortunate countries an fairer chance. The video seems to align itself with the left wing critics that describe globalization as synonymous with expansionist and exploitative capitalism.
    2.Why does the anti-globalization movement unite such disparate groups such as environmentalists, liberals and labor unions?
    Environmentalists are against globalization in terms of the depletion of natural resources, liberals believe that free trade is only in the best interest of the richest people in the world and labor unions recognize the future inequalities for workers if free trade were to become a reality. They all unite against globalization and against free trade because they fear the extreme disadvantages that free trade would bring; they represent those who have the smallest voices; nature, workers receiving minimum wage and basically everyone who isn‘t in the top 1% of the richest people in the world i.e the major owners of the major corporations.
    3.What is free trade and how can it foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world? Is this a bad thing or a good thing in your opinion?
    Free trade is essentially the freedom of international exchange of goods and services between countries completely free of tariffs or barriers. I think it‘s neither black or white, neither bad or good. There are good aspects, such as the international advantages; one can purchase goods from the other side of the world and receive a package in a matter of few days, it‘s much easier to know what is going on around the world and free trade is advantageous in terms of buying goods for a lower price and it increases competition which often results in goods that are of better quality. The disadvantages and the bad sides of free trade are what is (dramatically) stated in the Lord of The Rings Video; the underdeveloped countries suffer tremendously, and free trade only helps the rich get richer and the big corporations will end up controlling absolutely everything and when that happens prices will presumably go up and the quality of goods could deteriorate, not to mention the environmental repercussions.

  41. fwyldon 14 Oct 2012 at 11:58 pm

    Describe the view of free trade depicted in the video from the blog entry. Which of the three definitions in Chanda’s book does the video seem to align itself with?
    The view of free trade in depicted in the video is overwhelmingly negative. The video says free trade is corporations ‘master plan’ to control all others, and that it only serves the rich ruling classes. It also says free trade makes possible exploitation of the environment and privatisation of developing countries vital resources, and that capitalism cannot be regulated to be fair. This fits the definition of globalization as synonymous with expansionist and exploitative capitalism.

    Why does the anti-globalization movement unite such disparate groups as environmentalists, liberals, and labor unions?
    They have the common goal of stopping globalisation but for different reasons. Environmentalists are concerned about the damage being done to the environment and global warming. Liberals believe it will increase inequality because on the rich will benefit. Labour unions are concerned about unemployment and reduction in wages and safety, as production is moved to wherever it is cheapest. Working together they are more powerful, as the video says ‘you will unite or you will fail’

    What is free trade and how can it “foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world”? Is this a bad thing or a good thing in your opinion?
    Free trade is international trade between countries without barriers or tariffs. Production will happen where it is most efficient, so in the end consumers will all buy similar products. In a purely materialistic sense everyone benefits, because they get the best products at the best prices. However this means a loss of individuality of cultures.

  42. mtuin2on 15 Oct 2012 at 2:57 am

    1.Describe the view of free trade depicted in the video from the blog entry. Which of the three definitions in Chanda’s book does the video seem to align itself with?
    The video depicts free trade in a negative light, highlighting the unfair disadvantage on developing countries and the destruction of resources and the environment, all with the purpose of seeking more profit. The video aligns itself to the definition of globalization as “expansionist and exploitative capitalism”.

    2.Why does the anti-globalization movement unite such disparate groups as environmentalists, liberals, and labor unions?
    Although these many different groups may not have a connection originally, they are “united against a common enemy” – globalisation; albeit for different reasons. Environmentalists are against globalization because it can lead to greater exploitation of the world’s resources, including harming the environment. Liberals do not support globalization because it will increase inequality by supporting the rich countries rather than the poor. And labour unions are against globalization because it can increase domestic unemployment or cause a fall in wages, since labour can be exported to other countries at a lower price if there is one “global” economy. So, although it is for different reasons, numerous groups are against globalization and therefore work together to fight it.

    3.What is free trade and how can it “foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world”? Is this a bad thing or a good thing in your opinion?
    Free trade is international trade occurring without tariffs or other barriers. Since production is occurring in different places around the world, where it is most efficient, it means that different products will be exported from countries and then imported by various countries around the world. Since products are now being shared between countries, and these countries must also work together to trade, it means that cultural expressions and customs may be introduced to or spread between these countries, which, in the final outcome of ultimate globalization, will lead to a standardization of cultures around the world. While during its process, it would be beneficial for cultures around the world to experience each other and learn, it would not be good if the ultimate outcome is that no separate cultures exist, as these are what make countries diverse from each other. So, although some degree of globalization is beneficial, it is important that cultures continue to thrive separately from each other rather than fuse into one “global culture”.

  43. jgrimmon 15 Oct 2012 at 11:49 am

    1.Describe the view of free trade depicted in the video from the blog entry. Which of the three
    definitions in Chanda’s book does the video seem to align itself with?

    The general gist of the argument presented in The Lord of The Ring of Free Trade seems to be that free
    trade is in fact not free trade, but trade focussed completely and entirely on the flow of capital from smaller
    countries and corporations to larger ones, and that profit only goes one way , which is to those at the top of
    the economic hierarchy.

    2.Why does the anti-globalization movement unite such disparate groups as environmentalists,
    liberals, and labor unions?

    The reason this occurs is because the respective causes for which each group is working, such as
    increased laborer rights and control of the companies, etc. will all be affected by globalization. Labor unions
    lose power as a result of outsourcing, reduction of nature will be moved to other regions, where it is more
    profitable, and environmentalists will have less or no influence on the procuration of natural materials from
    outside their country, while liberals lose control over the comings and goings of corporations after Foreign
    Direct Investment.

    3.What is free trade and how can it “foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the
    world”? Is this a bad thing or a good thing in your opinion?

    Free trade is the ability for countries/economies to trade with each other with evenly distributed taxes and
    tariffs for all involved. It encourages competition between economies and businesses, and can make
    profitable use of over-specialization sometimes found in LECs.

  44. cherbonon 15 Oct 2012 at 1:14 pm

    Hello, J. RR. Grimm
    I like your responses, but you not seem to not answer the guiding questions completely. Was this done intentionally?
    Good luck in the future.

  45. cherbonon 15 Oct 2012 at 1:18 pm

    *but you seem to not answer

  46. cherbonon 15 Oct 2012 at 1:17 pm

    Describe the view of free trade depicted in the video from the blog entry. Which of the three definitions in Chanda’s book does the video seem to align itself with?

    Free Trade is seen as a negative aspect of society. The root of free trade is capitalism. One could argue that free trade gives the small countries more power and enables them to fight back, but free trade only serves it's master… the rich countries and corporations. The last definition for globalization: "expansionist and exploitative capitalism" best fits the view of the video as capitalism is seen as a very negative thing, that goes against the environment, the small people and the LEDCs. Exploitative because MEDCs use the LEDCs and expanionist, because it is expanding in every region of the world and capitalism is adopted by more and more countries. Globalization is unstoppable as suggested in the video.

    Why does the anti-globalization movement unite such disparate groups as environmentalists, liberals, and labor unions?

    Globalization seems to go against the groups. The anti-globalization movement is therefore summoning these groups to built and army that can stand up against globalization. The environment is affected, because countries are expanding and the population is increasing, which can cause higher carbon footprints and global warming. Liberals are concerned because the right of the small people are affected and the small people cannot survive in the capitalist world. Labor unions are also concerned because employers are getting more and more power whereas employees have to work harder and get less money.

    What is free trade and how can it “foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world”? Is this a bad thing or a good thing in your opinion?

    Free trade basically means to not impose import taxes on products and make trade easier, for example less paperwork and easy movements between international borders. Free Trade is often associated with Western, cultural values as it only exists in a capitalist system. There are many Free Trade Zones around the World such as the European Union, but there are also bilateral trade agreements. Sometimes non-western or non-capitalist countries feel like Western countries are imposing their cultural believes and capitalism on other countries through globalization and therefore the statement: “foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world”.
    In my opinion free trade is a good thing, as it enables competition between countries and the specialization on certain types of products, because of comparative advantages of a country. It also makes trade and transportation between countries much easier as there is less paper work. I live in a communist country and the amount of effort that has to be transport something to a neighboring country or even cross the border, is unbelievable. I think free trade makes life much easier and enables small countries to grow, which will open new markets for bigger countries as well. Nevertheless this will only work when there are regulations by the WTO so there is no exploitation between countries.

  47. axu2on 16 Oct 2012 at 2:44 am

    Describe the view of free trade depicted in the video. Which of the three definitions in Chanda’s book does the video seem to align itself with?
    The video focuses mostly on the disadvantages on free trade. They make the statement how free trade is not so free. They fear that free trade will hider their domestic economy since they fear that free trade will trade off their resources.

    Why does the anti-globalization movement unite such disparate groups as environmentalists, liberals, and labor unions?
    Because the idea of globalization is to unit all people with out any form of groups, thus it units groups such as liberals and labor unions to from a larger group against the globalization movement.
    Groups such as labor unions are against globalization is because globalization will not match their goals. Goals such as high wages…

    What is free trade and how can it “foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world.” Is this a bad thing or a good thing in your opinion?
    Free trade is international trade occuring without any barriers. Because production occurs differently around the world. It gathers the production were is most effecient thus different products will exported from different countries and imported by other countries around the world. Since now free trade is in session, there will be similar products sold everywhere which some “cultural” products cannot be sold anywhere other than one particular country. Thus countries would have no speciality thus globalization occurs. Globalization would have impact on how people will learn other countries. As globalization develops the faster a standardization of cultural expression occurs. Ultimately, there will be no different culture on earth. So in my opinion, there is good side about globalization thus I do feel like globalization isnt such a good idea when it comes to keeping cultural and identity.

  48. abuttonon 16 Oct 2012 at 6:11 pm

    Describe the view of free trade depicted in the video from the blog entry. Which of the three definitions in Chanda’s book does the video seem to align itself with?

    The view of free trade that is depicted in this video matches the left-wing hostility towards capitalism and sees globalization as the same thing as expansionist and exploitative capitalism. In the video free trade is portrayed as something created by a “dark lord” or the corporations to “control others”. Free trade is seen to exploit environment, dominate all life, privatizes vital resources of developing countries, and serves the interest of the rich.

    Why does the anti-globalization movement unite such disparate groups as environmentalists, liberals, and labor unions?

    The anti-globalization movement should “unite” or “fall”. They are united because they all feel that globalization should not happen in the world. They have a common interest that is to remove capitalism. Environmentalists believe that the world’s resources should be protected and used wisely and that goods should not be transported due to increasing global warming. Liberals believe that globalization is wrong because it would mean that the rich continue to get richer, therefore making the gap between rich and poor greater and furthermore increased equity. Labour unions are against globalization because it has the possibility of making unemployment in the domestic industries higher or also making the wages fall due to the lack of demand for labour. Various groups are against globalization and because they are a minority, it is necessary for them to work together to destroy it.

    What is free trade and how can it “foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world”? Is this a bad thing or a good thing in your opinion?

    Free trade is where the government does not intervene in imports or exports of a country with tariffs, subsidies, or quotas. It is basically trade without barriers. It can “foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world” because there will probably be certain countries dominating this free trade and therefore it will be their culture and ideas spread. There will be similar cultural ideas spread with the free trade and this can be seen as a good and a bad thing. In some ways it is good because if there are culturally shared ideas and feelings then there will be less conflicts between differing ideals, because everyone has the same ideals. It can be bad because everyone will then be the same and then the world will no longer be culturally differing.

  49. kedwardson 16 Oct 2012 at 9:53 pm

    Describe the view of free trade depicted in the video. Which of the three definitions in Chanda’s book does the video seem to align itself with?

    The view of free trade in the video is very negative, and precautionary. Free trade is depicted as a concept that needs to be fought and destroyed. This best aligns with the Left-wing critics, skeptical and intimidated by the “werewolfsh hunger” of capitalism, and concerned with preventing the spread of capitalism.

    Why does the anti-globalization movement unite such disparate groups as environmentalists, liberals, and labor unions?

    This issue, like any societal controversy, has the power for various groups to find common ground, and unite on their mutual goal. They all dislike the idea of globalization, therefore they can join forces and combat it, though not so literally as in the video. Environmentalists prefer Fair Trade, because it is more sustainable and environmentally conscious. Liberals dislike the idea of power in private corporations and businesses, and labor unions fight against globalization because they want sufficient compensation for their work, not a standard rate. They make more money from the demand of international trade in the area of what they export.

    What is free trade and how can it “foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world.” Is this a bad thing or a good thing in your opinion?

    Free trade would allow for countries who may not already have business partnerships with other countries to connect, and share the abundance of goods that are part of the production in their culture. Standardization is a good thing for businesses and corporations as the video expressed, but doesn’t always reap benefits for the people. I believe that standardization and simplification, to an extent, are beneficial, but the massive increase and spread of this type of globalization will hurt more people than it will help.

  50. dnyanzion 17 Oct 2012 at 11:06 am

    1.Describe the view of free trade depicted in the video from the blog entry. Which of the three definitions in Chanda’s book does the video seem to align itself with?

    This video portrays negative views about free trade and its definition is said to be expansionist and exploitative capitalism. Free trade is said to be controlled be corporations and exploit no only the environment but also the common man with all the money going to ‘corporate masters’, and the root of the problem is capitalism. According to the video it must be stopped.

    2. Why does the anti-globalization movement unite such disparate groups as environmentalists, liberals, and labor unions?

    All these groups have a common goal to get rid of globalization and free trade, for environmentalists this is because through free trade there is an increase in the exploitation of the environment and its resources such as oil and wood increasing global warming. The liberals are for equality the gap between the rich and poor is great as the rich corporates in power have all the money and control the businesses. Labour unions want employees to have power, earn higher wages and better their working conditions and with free trade firms want to pay as little as possible to cut costs, better working conditions may also mean more money spent meaning less profit and corporations in free trade do not want this.

    3.What is free trade and how can it “foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world.” Is this a bad thing or a good thing in your opinion?

    Free trade is where there are no barriers put up by government for example tariffs, subsidies or quotas on imports and exports. I think the standardization of cultural expressions around the world is not that good because it eliminates the uniqueness of goods that a country may have. Through free trade products are similar around the world and also ideals, countries may start getting rid of their traditions if they are new to free trade to be like the rest, an example of this is that many countries are becoming westernized due to the influence of these countries through free trade.

  51. anajeebon 17 Oct 2012 at 12:44 pm

    1) In the video, free trade is shown to be a negative force which should be stopped. It is shown as capitalism. The main point for free trade is that it only benefits the rich and big companies while it is exploiting the developing countries.

    2) In globalization, all these three have different point of views. Environmentalists think that because of the free trade there would be a large consumption of fuels which can in return damage the environment. Labor unions think that because of globalization it takes a lot of power from the workers and for liberals it would help their leaders more.

    3) Free trade is the selling of products between countries without tariffs or other trade barriers. There are many arguements for and against free trade. For example, due to free trade, the developed countries can exploit the developing countries. It also hurts the developed nations as it causes jobs from those nations to move to other countries. Free trade are less likely to go to war as it encourages countries to rely on eachother economically.

  52. Nadiya Son 17 Oct 2012 at 2:55 pm

    1.Describe the view of free trade depicted in the video from the blog entry. Which of the three definitions in Chanda’s book does the video seem to align itself with?
    This video shows free trade extremely negatively, and it emphasizes the unfairness of free trade, especially towards developing countries as well as the destruction of earth’s resources, with the only purposes of getting more profit. The video relates to the definition of globalization as being expansionist as well as exploitative.

    2.Why does the anti-globalization movement unite such disparate groups as environmentalists, liberals, and labor unions?
    All these different groups have nothing in common except one thing, they are all against one common enemy, which is in this case; globalization. All the groups have a different reason to be against globalization though. Labour unions don’t want globalization because it can cause a fall in wages, because the exportation of labour to other countries would be at a lower price in a global economy, as well it could increase domestic unemployment. Liberals are against globalization because it furthers the inequality between rich and poor countries, as it favours the rich countries. And lastly, environmentalists do not support globalization because it increases the harm to the environment, and more resources can be exploited at a faster rate.

    3.What is free trade and how can it “foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world”? Is this a bad thing or a good thing in your opinion?
    Free trade is when international trade can occur without barriers such as tariffs. This will allow products to be shared around the world, because they will be produced where it is most efficient and cheap, and then both imports and exports will increase. Countries will have to work together more, this means cultural customs will have to be spread among other countries. This may lead to “one” big culture around the world. While it may be beneficial to some countries, globalization will cause the loss of different cultures which in my opinion is an important thing to keep.

  53. tdeol2on 17 Oct 2012 at 3:51 pm

    Hi Nadiya!

    Overall, I loved reading your response, I completely agree with most of your ideas and I especially like the examples you gave for the second question where you stated the impact of globalization on the different groups. I was wondering though, do you believe that the cost in terms of loss of culture outweighs all the benefits, like economic growth for example that comes with free trade?

  54. tdeol2on 17 Oct 2012 at 3:35 pm

    1) Describe the view of free trade depicted in the video from the blog entry. Which of the three definitions in Chanda’s book does the video seem to align itself with?
    In the movie, free trade is portrayed in a very negative manner, as the video progresses, the characters grow more anxious about having to destroy free trade. They live in fear of corporations using free trade to eat away the natural resources in their economy and hinder their domestic economic development. They agree that capitalism can never be fair and they feel the urgency to abolish free trade in their economy. I believe that the third definition from the book which sees free trade to be “synonymous with expansionist and exploitative capitalism” is the one definition that can be related to the depiction of free trade in the video.

    2) Why does the anti-globalization movement unite such disparate groups as environmentalists, liberals, and labour unions?
    Free trade removes any government intervention and in some way or another manages to negatively impact these disparate groups. For example, environmentalists are affected because extensive globalization destroys certain aspects of the environment and exploits resources such as fossil fuels that are not good for the environment. Labour unions may dislike it because it results in lower wages for domestic workers as jobs can easily be relocated to other countries where labour may be cheaper and readily available.

    3) What is free trade and how can it “foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world”? Is this a bad thing or a good thing in your opinion?
    Free trade is a system in which goods, capital, and labor flow freely between nations, without barriers which could hinder the trade process. In my opinion, fostering a standardization of cultural expressions around the world is not a good thing, because this affects the uniqueness of the different cultures and the variety. However, looking at it from a different perspective, it can also be a benefit as trading is extremely vital to the fostering growth of economies because a both the export and import country could benefit from trading.

  55. Nick Gon 01 Nov 2012 at 4:34 pm

    1.Describe the view of free trade depicted in the video. Which of the three definitions in Chanda’s book does the video seem to align itself with?
    In the video "?Lord of the Rings: Fellowship of the Ring of Free Trade?" globalization is viewed as an exclusively negative thing. It depicts globalization as the exploitation of the less fortunate for the benefit of the more wealthy. This view aligns itself with the second definition of globalization of a "expansionist and exploitative capitalism".

    2.Why does the anti-globalization movement unite such disparate groups as environmentalists, liberals, and labor unions?
    The groups that oppose globalization see themselves being disadvantaged by it. There seems to be a greater focus of the primary effects of globalization by these groups. Unions view see the drop in wages, environmentalists see the exploitation of resources, and liberals see an increase in equality. While there points may posses some validity globalization can also provide cheaper goods, more efficient uses of resources and an overall increase in consumer wealth. Even with in these groups I feel they do not whole heartily oppose globalization and rather disagree with specific aspects of it, not the same as depicted in the video which looks solely at the negative points.

    3.What is free trade and how can it “foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world.” Is this a bad thing or a good thing in your opinion?
    Free trade does encourage increased interaction between countries, and does result in a sort of cultural mixing pot. I do however feel that cultures will rarely be completely eliminated, but rather infused with other cultures as well. This can have positive effects such as a greater sense of belonging and ultimately more peace and understanding. In this process small cultures may be eliminated, but I feel it is the choice of these cultures to partake in globalization. The extent of globalization will also vary. It has existed for a very long time, but is now becoming more prevalent than ever with technology. So long as globalization is not forced onto countries, those who can seek benefit from it will.

  56. sophie zhouon 03 Nov 2012 at 7:40 pm

    1.Describe the view of free trade depicted in the video from the blog entry. Which of the three definitions in Chanda’s book does the video seem to align itself with?
    According to the video, free trade is expansionist and exploitative capitalism where developed countries exploit resources from developing countries. In the name of free trade, developed countries are transferring their culture to those developing counties and therefore developing countries are losing their uniqueness of culture.
    2.Why does the anti-globalization movement unite such disparate groups as environmentalists, liberals, and labor unions?
    Globalization helps consumers around the world to be more informed about products released by companies over the world, resulting in an increase in demand for gods and services. The increase in demand leads to an increase in the total production of goods in the world and more pollution. In addition, cheap labor in developing countries cause a decrease in demand for labour in developed countries, leading to a decrease in wage in developed countries due to recessionary gap.
    3.What is free trade and how can it “foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world”? Is this a bad thing or a good thing in your opinion?
    Free trade take place between countries when there are no barriers to trade put in place by governments or international organizations. As a result, goods and services are able to move freely between countries. Free movement of goods and services allows consumers to demand similar products from different countries, decreasing gaps between cultural expressions. In my opinion free trade is a good thing. Firstly, by increasing production, countries increase their efficiency. By specializing, countries are able to better allocate their resources and purchase cheaper resources from other countries. Secondly, consumers all over the world are benefited by the variety of goods and services they are offered with. Thirdly, as countries are working together and learning about different cultures through free trade, they are less likely to have conflict with each other.

  57. ypaion 18 Nov 2012 at 6:59 am

    1. Describe the view of free trade depicted in the video from the blog entry. Which of the three definitions in Chanda’s book does the video seem to align itself with?
    The video portrayed free trade as a negative term, which is similar to the definition that the Left-wing critics gave, as they “see globalization as synonymous with expansionist and exploitative capitalism.”
    2. Why does the anti-globalization movement unite such disparate groups as environmentalists, liberals, and labor unions?
    Even though globalization generally helps consumers around the world, groups such as environmentalists, liberals and labour unions are negatively affected by it. The increase in oversea products increases the pollution that is brought to the earth, and so environmentalists would be against this idea. Liberals are usually against the capitalist ideology where the profits are valued over human equality. As a result, it would be less beneficial for the producers in their home countries and thus, liberals will be against the idea of the globalization movement. Last but not least, the labour unions in more developed countries will become jobless as firms will be taking advantage of the less developed countries and use cheap labor to decrease the payment for their employees to maximize their profits in globalization.
    3. What is free trade and how can it “foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world”? Is this a bad thing or a good thing in your opinion?
    Free trade is the trade that takes place between countries without barriers. Thus allowing consumers to make comparisons of the goods and services they purchase. It could be seen as a bad thing as globalization of the world will result in cultural loss and assimilation of different countries. However, I see it as a good thing to a greater extent because the goods and services are now able to be transported freely between countries and this will greatly benefit the consumers all over world. In addition, free trade also allows countries of the world to work together, and thus giving our society today a lesser chance of starting conflicts with one another.

  58. KoonCon 02 Apr 2014 at 10:17 pm

    1) Describe the view of free trade depicted in the video from the blog entry. Which of the three definitions in Chanda’s book does the video seem to align itself with?

    The view of free trade in the video is very negative and focuses on the disadvantages of free trade. The video aligns itself to the definition of globalization as “exploitative capitalism”.

    2) Why does the anti-globalization movement unite such disparate groups as environmentalists, liberals, and labour unions?

    Anti-globalization movement is formed from various groups of environmentalists, liberals and labour unions because they are negatively impacted through globalization. For example, fall of environment, democracy and unions.

    3) What is free trade and how can it “foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world”? Is this a bad thing or a good thing in your opinion?

    Free trade is an international policy that allows traders to trade between countries without obstacles such as taxes and fees, no limitation. In my opinion I believe that free trade is a bad thing because it takes away all unique feature of the country, which makes one country different from another.

  59. cbowieon 07 Apr 2014 at 1:44 am

    I agree with all of your points, and appreciate the fact that you used definitions. Good job!

  60. cbowieon 03 Apr 2014 at 9:06 am

    1.Describe the view of free trade depicted in the video from the blog entry. Which of the three definitions in Chanda’s book does the video seem to align itself with?
    The view of free trade is highly negative and seems to align itself to the opinion that free trade is comparable to ‘expansionist and exploitative capitalism.’

  61. cbowieon 03 Apr 2014 at 9:06 am

    2.Why does the anti-globalization movement unite such disparate groups as environmentalists, liberals, and labor unions?
    This movement unites these groups through a common enemy, although each sees globalisation as an enemy for different reasons. Environmentalists are against the environmental harm the transportation of goods will cause, labour unions are against the lower wages or working conditions that are likely to arise with the increase in production and competition, and liberals are against this movement as it opposes many of their goals, such as the separation between classes.

  62. cbowieon 03 Apr 2014 at 9:07 am

    3.What is free trade and how can it “foster a standardization of cultural expressions around the world”? Is this a bad thing or a good thing in your opinion?
    Free trade is the idea of trading between countries with no barriers. By opening up trade, all countries will be able to demand similar products. By giving access to a similar range of products around the world, an element of standardisation is introduced. I believe full trade as an idea is a good thing, as it has many economics benefits, however may not be so in terms of this particular issue. Standardisation may cause an element of culture to be lost from each country, however the sharing of this culture could definitely be beneficial. It would depend on the reactions of each country as to how culture is preserved.

  63. Matilda Unwinon 28 May 2014 at 9:07 am

    1. Describe the view of free trade depicted in the video from the blog entry. Which of the three definitions in Chanda’s book does the video seem to align itself with?

    The view of free trade depicted in the video is that it is for the benefit of the rich and that it allows them to exploit the environment and essentially do whatever they want. It also tells that large corporations want to take over the world and hence the view of it is negative. The video emphasises the need for equality for all through the negative characterisation of free trade. The definition that it best aligns with is “expansionist and exploitive capitalism.”

    2. Why does the anti-globalisation movement unite such disparate groups as environmentalists, liberals and labour unions?

    It is an issue that involves all people, regardless of their jobs or values. They are all victims who want to demolish globalisation.

    3. What is free trade and how can it “foster a standardisation of cultural expressions around the world?” Is this a bad thing or a good thing in your opinion?

    Free trade is international trade without barriers, such as tariffs, subsidies and quotas. I think it is a relatively bad thing because it reduces competition and can also minimise individuality between countries in regards to goods produced, hence why it can “foster a standardisation of cultural expressions around the world.”

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